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   Prof. Mahmood Ahmad Tak

It is a moment of great pleasure for me  to introduce my subject and my department to the students who are desirous to take Botany as one of the subjects. Botany, as a subject is the study of various aspects of plants— both conventional and non-conventional. The department of Botany was introduced in this college in 1978 with the intention to expand the choice of subjects in the college and provide the students with a very good option to choose from the subjects and excel in different fields of science. As a result, the department has produced a large number of stalwarts who have taken lead in various walks of life like Medicine, Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry, Sericulture, Administrative services etc. The department has also produced many reputed scholars who are presently working in many prestigious research labs. in and outside the country. Besides involved in teaching of Botany, the department has also introduced some subject-specific/skill based courses like ‘Medicinal Botany’, and in future also some more such courses are intended to be introduced. This is to help students get opportunities to enhance their capabilities and skills and make their career in specific fields.

Currently the department has a very rich faculty and some of them have a very strong research background.

 


 

                                       

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY

Departmental Profile:

 

Year of establishment:

1978

Faculty position:

Associate Professors (01); Assistant Professors (05)

Importance:

Botany is the scientific study of plant life. As a branch of biology, it is also called plant science(s), phytology, or plant biology. Botany covers a wide range of scientific disciplines that study plants, algae, and fungi including: structure, growth, reproduction, metabolism, development, diseases, and chemical properties and evolutionary relationships between the different groups.

The study of plants and botany began with tribal lore, used to identify edible, medicinal and poisonous plants, making botany one of the oldest sciences. From this ancient interest in plants, the scope of botany has increased to include the study of over 550,000 kinds or species of living organisms.

As with other life forms in biology, plant life can be studied from different perspectives, from the molecular, genetic and biochemical level through organelles, cells, tissues, organs, individuals, plant populations, and communities of plants. At each of these levels a botanist might be concerned with the classification (taxonomy), structure (anatomy and morphology), or function (physiology) of plant life.

Historically, botany covers all organisms that were not considered to be animals. Some of these "plant-like" organisms include fungi (studied in mycology), bacteria and viruses (studied in microbiology), and algae (studied in phycology). Most algae, fungi, and microbes are no longer considered to be in the plant kingdom. However, attention is still given to them by botanists, and bacteria, fungi, and algae are usually covered in introductory botany courses.

The study of plants has importance for a number of reasons. Plants are a fundamental part of life on Earth. They generate the oxygen, food, fibers, fuel and medicine that allow higher life forms to exist. Plants also absorb carbon dioxide through photosynthesis, a minor greenhouse gas that in large amounts can affect global climate. It is believed that the evolution of plants has changed the global atmosphere of the earth early in the earth's history and paleo-botanists study ancient plants in the fossil record. A good understanding of plants is crucial to the future of human societies as it allows us to:

* Produce food to feed an expanding population

* Understand fundamental life processes

* Produce medicine and materials to treat diseases and other ailments

* Understand environmental changes more clearly

Infrastructural facilities:

The department at present is housed in the First Floor of the newly constructed Bio-Sciences Block having eight compartments. There are two big lecture halls, each of about 150 student's capacity, two big Laboratories each with a store, a Museum, one departmental faculty room with a washroom, a room for the laboratory staff.

Laboratory Facilities: For the smooth conduct of practical in the 6 Semester Degree course classes the department possesses two big laboratories each with a capacity of about 80 students.

Botanical Museum: The department has a spacious, rich and diverse museum. It contains a vast array of plant specimens preserved in formalin jars representing their morphological, anatomical and above all taxonomical features. Paleontological and ethno-botanical sections are an attraction of the museum. Further, anatomical and ultra-structural details of plant organs, tissues and macromolecules like DNA are illustrated by mound models. Materials available in the museum are used as a resource for practical observations and demonstrations of the students.

Botanical Garden: The department has over the years developed a rich botanical garden of 60x150ft. dimensions near the main gate, which contains a large number of local as well as alien plants that serve as a resource for recreational, academic and experimental purposes.

Future plans:

The following developmental works would be considered and taken in hand, in near future, so as to make the dept. more purposeful and knowledge & society oriented:

1.      To expand and enrich the Botanical Garden and establish a well organized and well documented Herbarium to acquaint the students about the local flora.

2.      To inculcate in the student community, interest in our own abundant folklore medicinal plants and teach them the conditions, techniques and methods to cultivate the same and also to exploit the potential of our aromatic flora for the extraction of their valuable essential oils, as a means of self-employment. Also interest in the student community can be augmented towards cut - flower and cut - green entrepreneurship development programme.

3.      The department intends to set up a state of the art Tissue culture facility for in vitro regeneration of critically endangered plant species of the Kashmir Himalayas.

4.      The department also intends to develop a Hydrobiological lab for the biochemical analysis of water bodies of South Kashmir in order help the administration develop a policy and planning for the conservation of important water resources of the area.

 

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